The National Capacity Building Secretariat (NCBS) is pleased to present this Capacity Building Toolkit for supporting institutions to conduct Capacity Needs Assessments (CNA) and formulate Capacity Building Plans (CBP). A lot has changed with regards to Capacity Building in Rwanda since the first Capacity Building Handbook was released in 2011. A most significant change took place in June 2013 when the Cabinet announced that the Public Sector Capacity Building Secretariat (PSCBS) would officially become the National Capacity Building Secretariat (NCBS). The establishment of this new institution came with a brand new mandate which included responsibility for coordinating and facilitating capacity building efforts in both public and private sector institutions as well as civil society organisations.